12 Facts About Chili Peppers

Facts About red chili peppers

We Love Chili Peppers and you should too! Here’s a list of 12 facts about chili peppers. It’s not an exhaustive list but there are some nice and neat information to be learned here.

Things You Need To Know About Chili Peppers

Red Chili Pepper

1. Chili Peppers Belongs to the Same Family as Potatoes

Chili belongs to the species capsicum and the family Solanaceae. Most chili fruits are thin-walled, long and narrow and have a hot taste. You can use them fresh, dried or pickled.

2. Capsaicin – Make You Feel Pain

The primarily cause of the heat sensation is the chemical known as capsaicin. It is mainly found in the fruits placenta and walls. Remove these parts to reduces the strength.

3. The Heat is Measured in Scoville Heat Units

The Chili peppers heat is measured in the Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Mild varieties have approximately 1,000 SHU and very hot varieties have about 300,000 SHU. Most interesting of all is the Carolina Reaper. This super hot pepper has been measured to 2.2 million SHU! If you know you can’t take the heat… don’t eat one!

See also our post Why You Feel the Burning Sensation When Eating Peppers if you want to know more!

4. Cooking With Chilies

Chili peppers can be used in a variety of dishes and salads. One of the most famous dishes containing peppers is chili. Chili peppers is also a given ingredient of the kebab and is delicious on a pizza. In Thai cuisine pepper is intensively used. For instance, in the Tom Kha Gai chicken soup chilies are delicious!

5. Peppers Have Been Cultivated for a Long Time

Chili was already cultivated for more than 6000 years ago. This is known due to archaeological findings in south-west Ecuador.

6. Producers of Chili

The world’s largest producers of chili are China and India. They account for 50 percent of world trade.

7. Eating Chili Peppers Have Health Benefits

Chili contains several beneficial substances. Among other things, potassium, magnesium, iron, vitamin C and vitamin B, especially vitamin B6. On top if this, the red chili also contains a high content of carotene. Carotene helps the skin to protect against the sun. Interestingly, chili can, according to an American study contribute to burning fat.

Red Chili Peppers

Red Peppers are hotter than green peppers

8. The smaller, the stronger.

This rule certaintly applies to chillies. Also, red chili peppers are generally stronger compared to green.

9. Dairy Products Releave the Pain of Capsaicin

If you have eaten to hot food. You should drink milk or yogurt as it is the most effective to ease the pain of the capsaicin. On the other hand, water will only make it worse as capsaicin is not water-soluble. Therefore helps to alleviate the burning sensation. Bread is one of the better things to eat in order to reduce the heat.

10. Many People uses Chili Peppers

Two-thirds of the world population uses chili daily, either as vegetable or as spice.

11. Birds are Immune to Capsaicin

Birds are not sensitive to capsaicin. Pieces of chili peppers can therefore be put in bird seed to keep unwelcome guests away from the bird feeder. No more squirrels stealing the birds food!

Birds Don' Feel Capsaicin

Bird Eating Chili (Photo: By Alex Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons)

12. Fictional Characters are Named After the Fruit

There are also a number of fictional characters who called “Chili”. For example, there is a Pokémon character called Chili. This character, as well as his siblings, Cilan and Cress, is a waiter and gym leader on the Striaton City Gym.

Now you know a bit about chili peppers! Have a look at our other posts. For instance, The 10 Hottest Peppers in the World is another great list of the hottest chilies in the world.

Interesting in growing chili peppers? Here’s some guides and inspirational posts that we’ve written:

There are of course more so click around and read our blog posts! If you have any funny facts about chili peppers, please leave a comment!


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