As an interested pepper grower there are so many different varieties! In this post you will find information of 6 hot to extremely hot chilies to grow from seed to plant. I have focused here one chili varieties from Assam, India. They all have the name “Jolokia” which means “chili” and are placed on different levels on the scoville scale.
Chocoloate Bhut Jolokia:
First out is the chocolate version of the got into the Guinness World Records in 2007 for being World’s hottest chilli. It is a Capsicum Chinense and Capsicum Frutescens hybrid and is thought to be a natural variant of Bhut jolokia. The chili is typically described as milder, and sweeter, fruit compared to red/orange Bhut jolokia.
Scoville: 800,000 – 1,001,304 (SHU)
Pungency rating: Extremely hot.
Bhut Jolokia comes in many colors; purple, white, yellow, orange, and peach, for instance. They all have some different characteristics but all are super nice.
This chilli is commonly known as “Mem jolokia” in Assam and has a reputation for its pungency and flavour and is a Capsicum frutescens variety. Mem Jolokia is a “Bird’s eye chilli” type of chili and is often eaten in green (white), red (full ripe), and pickled forms but can also be dried.
Pungency rating: Very hot
Scoville: 100,000 (SHU)
The plant and the fruits are growing in upright positions. The pods are somewhat whitish green when mature and turn orange and then to red during ripening, ans it’s shape elongate with blunt tip.
Fruit length is 1.5-2.25 cm with a girth of 0.3-0.5 cm. Germinate your seeds in February – March and you will start harvesting your chili fruits in July and continue get pods up until November/December.
This chilli belongs to Capsicum annuum group. This pepper is cultivated by the people of Assam and is liked for everyday use due to its moderate pungency.
The plants grow about 80-100 cm tall and the long-sized fruits grow about 5 cm long. Jati Jolokia is used in cooking when it is green and the red pods is put into vinegar (pickled). The chili fruit fits most dishes where you want more flavor than strength.
Pungency rating: Medium hot
Scoville: 1,500 – 2,500 (SHU)
‘Khorika’ means very thin stick and the pods have a very slender shape. As Jati Jolokia, the Khorika pepper also belongs to Capsicum annuum group. This chili is slightly hotter compared to Jati and Krishna. Very popular among the people of Assam and is frequently used for everyday
Pungency rating: Very hot
Scoville: 50,000 – 100,000
‘Krishna’ means black and the color of the pods is almost black. It has an unique flavor and is, thus, very popular. The plants grow 90-120 cm tall and produce large harvests of 5 cm long conical pods.
The fruit’s color goes from green to orange and then dark red to finally become almost black as ripe. It is possible to eat the peppers in all color variations.
Pungency rating: Medium hot.
Scoville: ??? – ???? (SHU, please comment if you know the SHU of Krishna Jolokia)
A small chubby and medium chili fruit from Assam in India. In Indian, “Phiringi” means “foreign” and the name is due to that that the appearance of the pods differs from other Indian peppers.
The plants grow 60-80 cm tall and the chubby fruits grow 2-4 cm long. Phiringi Jolokia have a very aromatic flavor is very aromatic.
Scoville: 50,000 -1 00,000
Planting your chosen chili(es)
Whatever seeds you have chosen to plant you should soak in lukewarm water a day before sowing and see 5 mm deep in soil. For best possible germination results, we recommended soaking the seeds in a solution of potassium nitrate (salpeter). Keep the soil moist but not wet.
Chili seeds germinate best at 25-30°C and usually needs 10-30 days to germinate. Move the plant again when it is becoming larger so that the plant continues to grow and the roots further develop.
Thrives in sunny windows, outdoor space, greenhouse, outdoors in a sunny, and sheltered location during the summer. Growing in the winter months usually requires some form of grow lights. Pollinate by shaking the plant or using a small brush.
The Bhut Jolokia is one of the hottest peppers in the world (see our post about the 10 hottest peppers in the world here).